06 Apr Hospital to Home Transitions: 5 Steps for Patient Success
How to ensure success after post-hospital discharge for patients and seniors.
April 6, 2020
You or a loved one has a fall, has a stroke, suffers an illness or another health event and ends up hospitalized. Before you know it, the hospital nurse or social worker starts discussing the discharge process. Now, you need to begin to make arrangements.
What is discharge planning?
Hospital discharge planning is the process used to decide what a patient needs for a smooth and successful transition from one level of care (like a hospital) to another (like a nursing home or to the patient’s home setting). There are different options when it comes to deciding where an individual will be discharged to. Some options include the home, a long-term or rehabilitative healthcare facility, or another permanent residence. Medical professionals can help create a discharge plan. However, the physician themself is the only one that can provide an authorization for discharge.
Planning for Discharge
Whether the hospital stay for you or your loved one is a planned or unplanned event, the hospitalization and pending discharge can be stressful. You can make it a little easier if you know what to expect and prepare for success.
Hospitals generally screen most admitted patients within 48 hours of entering the hospital. This is to determine a discharge plan is needed. A discharge plan should be made for patients who are at high risk of complications or susceptible to a future readmission. If the hospital does not require it, it may be beneficial to work with a doctor or discharge planner to create one. A discharge plan supports an effortless recovery and can help to prevent an unnecessary hospital readmission.
Consider these five key steps to assist you in planning a safe and smooth transition from hospital to home or to a rehabilitation center:
Step 1: Consult with the hospital discharge planner. The hospital discharge planners exist to aid in the discharge process. The hospital is responsible to ensure that the discharge is a safe one by considering your individual needs and support.
Step 2: Talk about the benefits of discharge to a skilled nursing facility versus the home setting. These considerations and any other issues specific to your situation with the hospital discharge planner are both important to determining what the right course of action is for you.
Skilled nursing homes offer a higher level of care and therapy than is normally the case at home. A nursing facility can provide skilled nursing care services, a hospital bed, therapy services, assistive equipment and personal care support, plus meals and activities.
These same services, including home health care (skilled nursing care, occupational, physical, or speech therapy) as well as other services and durable medical equipment or out-patient therapy, can also make a home discharge possible. Nevertheless, you additionally may need to make arrangements for a caregiver or family member to assist with activities of daily living (like bathing, dressing, and running errands.
Step 3: Champion for a safe discharge. Hospital discharge planners are under pressure to make a successful discharge for a large number of patients. As a result, it is vital to be an advocate for yourself or your family member. This will help make sure that the proper arrangements for a safe discharge are in place. Additionally, it ensures that the transition plan is one that works best for you or your family.
Step 4: Request that your discharge planner or your doctor make preparations for the services you require. This includes transfers or transportation to your home or to a nursing home setting, along with durable medical equipment for the return home (if applicable). The hospital won’t arrange for personal care services in most cases. They will usually have a list of approved or recommended home care agencies for your review though. These discharge planners may narrow the choice to three options. You can also request the agency or nursing home setting that you prefer to work with also. A geriatric care manager is another key individual that may coordinate, arrange, and oversee care. This can be helpful if there is no available support or family in the vicinity. The assigned discharge planner may also provide a recommended list of care managers.
Step 5: Make your decision, confirm the arrangements made, and collect all pertinent contact information so that you can follow up after your discharge. Review your post-hospital health care discharge instructions in detail. If you don’t understand or are unclear about any of the instructions ensure that you clarify them with your doctor or the discharge planner. Confirm that any medications prescribed and ordered will be available when you need them.
The first 72 hours home are critical for post-hospitalization patients. Patients are fatigued and family members are often confused and helpless. In addition to a comprehensive discharge plan, a caregiver can help manage the transition home and help you on the path towards a successful recovery.
A leading cause of hospital readmissions is due to a lack of sufficient individual support after a hospital discharge. To help make the transition back home a successful one, Chosen Family Home Care is committed to helping seniors and their loved ones receive beneficial post-hospitalization care through our care transitions program. This program follows a comprehensive set of steps and resources for families managing the sometimes difficult transition home after a hospitalization. Read more about ways to improve senior health and prevent hospital admissions in the first place by considering several other resources: